مَوادَس کُن گٔژھِو

کرگِل

جَغرافیٲیی نۄقطہٕ: 34°33′34″N 76°07′32″E / 34.5594°N 76.1256°E / 34.5594; 76.1256
وِکیٖپیٖڈیا پؠٹھٕ، اَکھ آزاد اِنسایکلوپیٖڈیا
کرگِل
City administered by India
فرما:Maplink
Interactive map of Kargil
Kargil is the joint capital of Ladakh, the eastern part of the Indian-administered regions (shaded in tan) of the disputed Kashmir region[1]
Kargil is the joint capital of Ladakh, the eastern part of the Indian-administered regions (shaded in tan) of the disputed Kashmir region[1]
Coordinates: 34°33′34″N 76°07′32″E / 34.5594°N 76.1256°E / 34.5594; 76.1256
Administrating countryIndia
Region of administrationUnion territory of Ladakh
DistrictKargil
TehsilKargil
حوٚکوٗمَتھ
 • قٕسٕمLadakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil
رۄقبہٕ
 • مُکمَل2٫14 km2 (0٫83 sq mi)
تَھزَر
2٬676 m (8٬780 ft)
آبٲدی
 (2011)[2]
 • مُکمَل16٬338
Others
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
194103
گاڑِ نَمبَرLA 01
Official languagesUrdu, Purgi, Ladakhi, Brokskat, English[3]
Other spokenShina, Balti
ویبسایٖٹkargil.nic.in
فرما:Infobox mapframe
  1. حَوالہٕ غَلطی: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named tertiary-kashmir
  2. حَوالہٕ غَلطی: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named census
  3. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. ص. 49. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2015.

کرگِل چھُ تنازعہٕ دار کٔشیٖرِ ہِنٛدِس علاقس مَنٛز ہِنٛدُستان کِس زیر انتظام لداخُک اَکھ شَہر۔[1].[2] یہِ چھِ لداخٕچ مشترکہٕ رازدٲنی، یُس ہنٛدستان کہ زیر انتظام مرکزی زیر انتظام علاقہٕ چھ۔ یہِ چھِ کرگِل ضلعک صدر دفتر تہٕ۔ یہِ چھِ لیہہ پتہٕ لداخک دویٚم سارِوٕے کھۄتہٕ بوٛڑ شَہَر۔[3] کرگل چھِ جموں و کشمیر مَنٛز سرینگر پؠٹھ 204 کلومیٹر (127 میٖل) مشرقِس مَنٛز تہٕ لیہہ پؠٹھ 234 کلومیٹر (145 میٖل) مغربس مَنٛز واقعہٕ۔ یہِ چھ سوٗر وٗ دریاو کِس بٔٹھس پؠٹھ واکھا رونٛگ دٔریاوَس سٟتؠ امہِ کِس سنگمس نزدیٖک، یُس لیہہ تام ساروٕے کھۄتہٕ زیٛادٕ رسٲیی وَتھ فراہم کران چھ۔

حَوالہٕ[اؠڈِٹ]

  1. Kerin، Melissa R. (2015). Art and Devotion at a Buddhist Temple in the Indian Himalaya. Indiana University Press. p. 206, note 53. ISBN 978-0-253-01309-5.
  2. The application of the term "administered" to the various regions of Kashmir and a mention of the Kashmir dispute is supported by the tertiary sources (a) through (e), reflecting due weight in the coverage۔ Although "controlled" and "held" are also applied neutrally to the names of the disputants or to the regions administered by them, as evidenced in sources (h) through (i) below, "held" is also considered politicized usage, as is the term "occupied," (see (j) below).
    (a) Kashmir, region Indian subcontinent، Encyclopaedia Britannica، retrieved 15 August 2019 (subscription required) Quote: "Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent ... has been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947۔ The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan, the last two being part of a territory called the Northern Areas۔ Administered by India are the southern and southeastern portions, which constitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir but are slated to be split into two union territories.";
    (b) Pletcher، Kenneth، Aksai Chin, Plateau Region, Asia، Encyclopaedia Britannica، retrieved 16 August 2019 (subscription required) Quote: "Aksai Chin, Chinese (Pinyin) Aksayqin, portion of the Kashmir region, at the northernmost extent of the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia۔ It constitutes nearly all the territory of the Chinese-administered sector of Kashmir that is claimed by India to be part of the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir state.";
    (c) "Kashmir"، Encyclopedia Americana، Scholastic Library Publishing، 2006، ص. 328، ISBN 978-0-7172-0139-6 C۔ E Bosworth, University of Manchester Quote: "KASHMIR, kash'mer, the northernmost region of the Indian subcontinent, administered partlv by India, partly by Pakistan, and partly by China۔ The region has been the subject of a bitter dispute between India and Pakistan since they became independent in 1947";
    (d) Osmańczyk، Edmund Jan (2003)، Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: G to M، Taylor & Francis، pp. 1191–، ISBN 978-0-415-93922-5 Quote: "Jammu and Kashmir: Territory in northwestern India, subject to a dispute between India and Pakistan۔ It has borders with Pakistan and China."
    (e) Talbot، Ian (2016)، A History of Modern South Asia: Politics, States, Diasporas، Yale University Press، pp. 28–29، ISBN 978-0-300-19694-8 Quote: "We move from a disputed international border to a dotted line on the map that represents a military border not recognized in international law۔ The line of control separates the Indian and Pakistani administered areas of the former Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir.";
    (f) Skutsch، Carl (2015) [2007]، "China: Border War with India, 1962"، in Ciment، James (ed.)، Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II (2nd ed.)، London and New York: Routledge، ص. 573، ISBN 978-0-7656-8005-1، The situation between the two nations was complicated by the 1957–1959 uprising by Tibetans against Chinese rule. Refugees poured across the Indian border, and the Indian public was outraged. Any compromise with China on the border issue became impossible. Similarly, China was offended that India had given political asylum to the Dalai Lama when he fled across the border in March 1959. In late 1959, there were shots fired between border patrols operating along both the ill-defined McMahon Line and in the Aksai Chin.
    (g) Clary، Christopher (30 March 2024)، The Difficult Politics of Peace: Rivalry in Modern South Asia، Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press، ص. 109، ISBN 9780197638408، Territorial Dispute: The situation along the Sino-Indian frontier continued to worsen. In late July (1959), an Indian reconnaissance patrol was blocked, "apprehended," and eventually expelled after three weeks in custody at the hands of a larger Chinese force near Khurnak Fort in Aksai Chin. ... Circumstances worsened further in October 1959, when a major class at Kongka Pass in eastern Ladakh led to nine dead and ten captured Indian border personnel, making it by far the most serious Sino-Indian class since India's independence.
    (h) Bose، Sumantra (2009)، Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace، Harvard University Press، pp. 294, 291, 293، ISBN 978-0-674-02855-5 Quote: "J&K: Jammu and Kashmir۔ The former princely state that is the subject of the Kashmir dispute۔ Besides IJK (Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir۔ The larger and more populous part of the former princely state۔ It has a population of slightly over 10 million, and comprises three regions: Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh.) and AJK ('Azad" (Free) Jammu and Kashmir۔ The more populous part of Pakistani-controlled J&K, with a population of approximately 2.5 million.), it includes the sparsely populated "Northern Areas" of Gilgit and Baltistan, remote mountainous regions which are directly administered, unlike AJK, by the Pakistani central authorities, and some high-altitude uninhabitable tracts under Chinese control."
    (i) Fisher، Michael H. (2018)، An Environmental History of India: From Earliest Times to the Twenty-First Century، Cambridge University Press، ص. 166، ISBN 978-1-107-11162-2 Quote: "Kashmir’s identity remains hotly disputed with a UN-supervised “Line of Control” still separating Pakistani-held Azad (“Free”) Kashmir from Indian-held Kashmir.";
    (j) Snedden، Christopher (2015)، Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris، Oxford University Press، ص. 10، ISBN 978-1-84904-621-3 Quote:"Some politicised terms also are used to describe parts of J&K۔ These terms include the words 'occupied' and 'held'."
  3. Osada et al (2000), p۔ 298.